Early career planning quite simply means planning for the future at the nascent stage of our career, preferably during the later years of middle school. At each stage of our career, be it graduating from school or college, or starting a job, it is important to have clarity about our long-term and short-term goals.
Individuals who start planning their careers at a young age, have often been found to outshine those who were comparatively late in deciding upon a career path. Today, more than ever before, it is crucial to plan ahead, since the high level of specialization in the professional world means that specific positions in each field needs certain qualifications which can only be achieved over many years of planning and hard work. The rapid growth in technological advancements has given a new impetus to career planning in the last decade. In the US, most high schools require students to have a career and/or education plan. The focus has been on students in class 9, mostly rural which is beneficial since students in rural areas have been found to be the least likely to receive support from adults in developing and periodically reviewing their plans. It also benefits them, since compared to students in urban areas, they face greater financial barriers and therefore they get less chances to experiment. Planning has been found to vary between countries not only based on their respective labour markets but also on family interactions.
One of the professions that requires a high level of planning are the bureaucratic jobs of a country. Quite often these jobs are offered to candidates via a qualifying examination. These examinations may take several attempts spanning over the period of several years. Owing to the nature of these exams, a background in history, geography or economics can be an added advantage instead of the traditional STEM subjects. Another point to note is